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The ultimate guide to project planning

NitanshLast Updated: August 30, 2022

Every business or organization is set up with a motive to realize certain goals. But achieving them is easier said than done as there are many factors at play here. One must make the necessary efforts to manage and plan everything to ensure they reach the stated goal, which is where project planning comes to the fore.

A project plan is imperative to help you get started on the right foot and further increase the likelihood of realizing your goal. Despite the significance of the right project planning, many still lack knowledge on the subject.

So, in this piece, we’ll walk you through all the nuances associated with project planning. Make sure you read it till the end. 

What exactly is a project plan?

Before starting any project, you must start with a plan. It’s that simple. At least, in theory. With the project plan, one should be able to access all the details about a specific project. It should give one an insight into the execution of different project stages. In most cases, an ideal project plan will cover every aspect, including communication with various stakeholders, risk management, and even resource management.

Besides that, a project plan also addresses issues associated with the cost, scope, and scheduling of different aspects of a project. Having a project plan helps get a roadmap towards the successful completion of a project. Additionally, a project plan can help you determine existing process gaps and make necessary changes to address them. As a result, you can minimize costs while enhancing the overall efficiency of the entire project.

Different phases of project planning

No matter the scale or nature of your project, most project plans need to be divided into different phases to make them more manageable. Dividing the project plan into different phases helps you navigate through the complexities of the entire project. Besides that, it also helps you define different priorities and move along accordingly. As a result, it becomes easier to manage your project, or take care of the roadblocks (if any) at any share to ensure successful completion.

Generally, a conventional project plan is divided into five phases. Let’s understand each of these phases.

Phase 1: Initiation   

The very first thing you need to do here is to focus on the idea behind the project. This is also considered one of the most important phases for project planning as it helps you define different goals and objectives of the project. The initiation phase gives managers an excellent opportunity to sit with the team members and determine the project’s feasibility.

Phase 2: Planning

The next phase is planning. Once you are done determining the project’s feasibility, you need to start planning the proper roadmap. This is also the phase that helps you set up milestones and deadlines to ensure the timely completion of the entire project. Besides that, you also need to plan the project’s quality, cost, and overall estimation of resources. The planning phase is very important as it helps ensure the timely and successful completion of the project.

Phase 3: Execution

After planning all the details of the project, you need to shift your focus to execution. This means you are done with the theoretical aspects, and now it’s time to put into action all you have planned. In most cases, starting this phase after discussing all the details with your team is better. This helps ensure that everyone is on the same page, and there’s no confusion that could impact the project’s overall outcome sooner than later.

Phase 4: Monitoring

Simply creating and executing a plan does not ensure the successful completion of a project. One must make efforts to determine if things are going as planned and if you are getting appropriate outcomes from the said efforts. You must monitor every aspect of the plan and ensure the results match your expectations. Timely monitoring of the overall project plan significantly increases the chances of successful completion. Hence it is only sensible to prevent any unwanted mistakes to ensure successful completion.

Phase 5: Closure

We only consider a project complete when the stakeholders are happy and satisfied with the outcome. Therefore, the final phase in project completion is the closure phase, where your clients get the outcome and provide you with feedback. This is when you might receive more feedback than expected to enhance the result that better meets their expectations. Basically, this phase will evaluate if your project is a success or failure.

Step-by-step guide for successful project planning

Project Plan Image 1

Project planning can make things more convenient and outcomes more feasible for everyone. But one should follow a couple of simple steps to reap the benefits that come with effective project planning. Let’s look at the steps you need to follow to ensure successful and fruitful project planning.

Step 1: Outlining the business case

You first need to determine and define the objective you want to realize with the entire project. This is when you determine potential issues and take measures in advance to resolve them.

Step 2: Meet the stakeholders

Once you have a strong business case, you must discuss the details with the project’s stakeholders. Identify the stakeholders and explain to them how your project can benefit them.

Step 3: Define the scope of the project

Once you have the stakeholders onboard, start working on defining the scope of your project. Discuss what’s essential and set your priorities accordingly.

Step 4: Get a team

Of course, you cannot manage every aspect of the project single-handedly. This is why you need to put together a team of people with different skills that would be relevant for the project.

Step 5: Decide on the budget

Finance is more important than one might imagine. So before planning any further, sit down with your team and decide on the right budget for the project while having some margin in case things don’t go as planned.

Step 6: Schedule deliverables

The next step is to schedule the deliverables, which means setting a timeline or deadline for different aspects of the project. This will help you move forward accordingly and meet all project requirements.

Step 7: Analyze your risk factors

Now, before you head on to conclude your project planning journey make sure you evaluate all the associated risk factors. Carry out a thorough risk analysis to identify all the risk factors and take appropriate measures to mitigate the impact of those factors.

Step 8: Create your project plan

Once you have followed all the steps, you can be ready to conclude your project planning. But make sure you carry out a final analysis before concluding the entire project. This is important to ensure you didn’t miss out on anything throughout the process.


Every business or organization needs to adhere to a thorough project planning phase, irrespective of its scale or nature. This will ensure the successful completion of the project, and you can achieve your ultimate objective with minimal hassle whatsoever. So, make sure you leverage the detailed project planning guide shared in this article and use it to your advantage to drive better results.

In case you are looking for a project planning software, check out Flow, an all-in-one tool to help you manage multiple projects in a better manner.

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